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A Preacher's 
First Books 



BY 
HARRY D. SMITH 




THE STANDARD PUBLISHING COMPANY 
CINCINNATI, O. 

DisciPUANA Library 

ATLANTIC CHRISTIAN COLLEG 
WILSON, N. C. 



Copyright 1933 by 
The Standard Publishing Company 



CONTENTS 

PAGE 

Editor's Note 7 

Introduction 9 

Preface 13 

Fart One: Book List and Remarks 

List of Books by Harry D. Smith, B.D., D.D., 
Professor of Practical Theology in the Col- 
lege of the Bible of Phillips University 
(First Ten Volumes to Fifteenth Ten 
Ten Volumes) 17-23 

Remarks by Professor Smith 25 

The Praise of Books 27 

The Choice of Books 29 

A Great Library 31 

The Bible as the Source of Sermonic 

Material 33 

Dictionaries 35 

Greek and Hebrew Languages 37 

Lives of Preachers and Their Sermons 33 

Biographies in General 40 

Poems and Novels 42 

3 



CONTENTS 



Philosophical Works 45 

Works of Science 47 

When a Student for the Ministry First 

Meets Science 48 

A Concluding Practical Counsel: A Read- 
ing Lesson 53 

Part Two: Other Book Lists 

Special Lists by Other Teachers in the Col- 
lege of the Bible of Phillips University.... 59 

Ten Books Recommended by I, N. McCash, 
D.D., LL.D., President of the University 
and Lecturer in the College of the Bible.... 60 

Ten Books on the Study of the New Testa- 
ment, Recommended by Frank H. Mar- 
shall, Ph.D., D.D., Dean of the College of 
the Bible 60 

Ten Books in the Field of Theology and 
Apologetics, Recommended by C. C. Tay- 
lor, B.D., Ph.D., Professor of Theology and 
Apologetics 61 

Ten Books for Ministers in the Field of Re- 
ligious Education, Recommended by W. B. 
Powell, B.D., Ph.D., Professor of Relig- 
ious Education 62 

4 



CONTENTS 



Ten Books on Philosophy for Preachers, 
Recommended by Ralph W. Nelson, B.D., 
Ph.D., Professor of Philosophy and the 
Philosophy of Religion 63 

Ten Books for Old Testament Studies, Rec- 
ommended by Ross J. Griff eth, A.M., B.D., 
Associate Professor of Semitic Languages, 
History and Literature 64 

Ten Volumes on Church History, Recom- 
mended by Stephen J. England, B.D., 
Th.M., Associate Professor of Biblical and 
Patristic Greek 65 

Addenda 

Addendum I. : Books by Teachers in the Col- 
lege of the Bible of Phillips University.... 69 

Addendum II. : How to Care for Books, by 
Miss Mary Elizabeth Kitchen, A.B., Libra- 
rian of Phillips University 71 

1. The Physical Care of Books 71 

2. Books that Help 77 

Addendum III. : Suggestions about Enlarg- 
ing the Book List 79 



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EDITOR'S NOTE 

THE writer and originator of this book was 
my friend. We were friends from boy- 
hood. Though our lives touched but seldom, 
each always knew the other's aims and work. 

I know of no man better qualified than 
Harry D. Smith to suggest to the young min- 
ister a group of books which should be in 
the libraries of all ministers. Those he names 
here will be good generations from now. 
They are timeless. 

"Harry D." had a mind that was congenial 
in the company of scholars and a heart that 
was in sympathy with the common man. This 
is shown in the brief chapters following his 
lists of books. His training made him a dis- 
criminating judge of literature without mak- 
him a pedant. 

Associated with Professor Smith on the 
faculty of Phillips University were others 
whose judgment he prized and who made val- 
uable additions to the work. 

E. W. THORNTON. 

7 



INTRODUCTION 

WHAT books a student for the ministry- 
should first procure is, of course, one of 
those very human questions which, because 
they are human, can not be answered with 
a mathematical precision. Personal questions 
and questions of local circumstance must not 
be neglected if books are to be wisely pur- 
chased. Hence it comes to pass that no min- 
ister is, in all respects, a good purchaser of 
books for any other minister, or for any stu- 
dent for the ministry. Nevertheless, one is 
thankful, it is believed, for suggestions as 
to books which, in the opinion of a minister 
having some acquaintance with libraries, 
should first be placed upon one's shelves. The 
accompanying list includes these volumes which 
its maker believes he himself should have read 
first. It also indicates by its successive groups 
the order in which, in his opinion, they should 
usually be obtained. 

9 



INTRODUCTION 



No one familiar with the ministry and the 
books it calls for will fail to appreciate the 
complexity of the task here attempted. Some 
first things of our religion as they best ap- 
pear in books; some fairly adequate represen- 
tation of the classics of the movement to re- 
store the Christianity of Christ and the apos- 
tles; some representation of ageless literature 
in general ; a few imperishable words of science 
and philosophy; a little apparatus of learning, 
Biblical and other — these, and some kinds of 
books besides, the writer has sought to include 
in his short list of 150 volumes. Recent books 
are not listed. This because, in the first place, 
it is by no means certain which books of the 
year or the decade, or even the generation, be- 
long in so restricted a company; and, in the 
second place, such books of worth get them- 
selves well heralded in public prints, and in 
the conversation of the cultured and aware, and 
thus have less need to be recommended in any 
special way. The list has been kept short that 
none may be discouraged by the thought of be- 
ginning to build a library. 

It will be noted that the writer's list and 
remarks upon it make only a part of this book- 
10 



INTRODUCTION 



let. The rest, excepting brief addenda by Miss 
Kitchen, Dr. Hahn, and the writer, is com- 
posed of suggestions made by the other teachers 
of our College of the Bible, that of Phillips 
University, each of whom has listed works which 
treat of subjects in which he is a specialist. 

The list in Part One has been made pri- 
marily as a suggestion to the students of the 
writer's classes in practical theology. He can 
not relinquish it without saying that he has 
had much satisfaction in those talks of books 
which he has had with the members of these 
classes, and that he trusts they may find in the 
books listed, or in other books which they may 
come to possess, the high joy in the best which 
men have thought, said and done, which it is 
the office of books to yield. But most of all 
he would say to them that no books of this list 
are to take the place of the Bible, or to reduce 
attention to it, and that the chief utility of 
any book to the minister of Christ is to make 
him a better interpreter of the supreme Book. 

If, perchance, some besides these students 
shall find help in the list, the writer will be 
happy in the fact. 



11 



PREFACE 

THIS small book is meant to guide, and stir 
up as he may need, a minister of the 
Word who founds for himself a library. Its 
lists are not to be slavishly followed. Every 
man needs books prescribed by his own nature 
and his own time and place in the world. 
What is here done is for guidance only where 
and when one is quite at a loss. 

The learned, judicious and kindly persons 
who have worked with me on this booklet have 
my hearty thanks. Besides those who have 
made contributions to it under their own names, 
I count it a duty and a pleasure to recognize 
here Prof. Frank A. Wellman, who has given 
me expert and helpful suggestions.* 

The plan and general scope of the book is 
my own. No other is responsible for any mat- 
ter not appearing under his own name. 

May this little work be of use. 

June 10, 1932. H. D. S. 



*See "Twelfth Ten," first three starred works. 
13 



PART ONE 
Book List and Remarks 



15 



A SUGGESTION 

It is suggested that these books be purchased 
somewhat in the order in which they are here 
mentioned. 



In purchasing standard works, such as re- 
main useful over long periods, one can fre- 
quently save considerable sums, even as much 
as half the price of such works, by getting them 
from reliable dealers in "second-hand" or used 
books. A partial list of such dealers includes 
Leary's Book Store, in Philadelphia; Schulte's, 
at 80 Fourth Avenue, New York ; Blessing Book 
Stores, Inc., in Chicago, and the College Book 
Company, Columbus, 0. 



16 



A Preacher's First Books 

LIST OF BOOKS 

First Ten 

The Bible: Authorized (King James) Ver- 
sion; American Standard Version. 

The Standard Dictionary (latest edition). 
Young's "Analytical Concordance." 
Campbell's "The Christian System." 
McGarvey's "Acts of Apostles," two vols. ; 
"Lands of the Bible." 

Gregory's "The Canon and Text." 
McLean's "Where the Book Speaks." 

Second Ten 

The Bible Commentary (Ed., F. C. Cook), 
ten vols. 

Third Ten 

Greek New Testament (Westcott and 

Hort). 

Hebrew Old Testament (Theile or Halm). 
2 17 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

Thayer's "Greek-English Lexicon of the 
New Testament." 

Davidson's "Analytical Hebrew and Chal- 
dee Lexicon." 

The Englishman's Greek Concordance of 
the New Testament, two vols. 

The Englishman's Hebrew and Chaldee 
Concordance of the Old Testament, two vols. 

Blaikie's "Life of Livingstone." 

Trumbull's "Yale Lectures on the Sunday 
School." 

Fourth Ten 

The International Standard Bible Ency- 
clopedia, five vols. 

Phelps' "The Still Hour." 
Athearn's "The Church School." 
Stanley's "History of the Jewish Church," 
three vols. 

Fifth Ten 

Young's "Historical Documents Advo- 
cating Christian Union." 

Richardson's "Memoirs of Alexander 
Campbell," two vols. 

Broadus' "The Preparation and Delivery 
of Sermons." 

18 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

Edersheim's "The Life and Times of Jesus," 
two vols. 

Conybeare and Howson's "Life and Epis- 
tles of St. Paul." 

Farrar's "The Early Days of Christianity." 

Davis' "The Restoration Movement of the 
Nineteenth Century." 

Richardson's "The Office of the Holy 
Spirit." 

Sixth Ten 

Works of Josephus. 

Selections from the Talmud (Rapaport), 
Dutton. 

Apocrypha of the Old Testament (Bissell), 
Scribner's. 

Apocrypha of the New Testament (Nel- 
son). 

The Koran. 

Analects of Confucius. 

Buddha and His Religion (St. Hilaire), 
Dutton. 

Zend-Avesta. 

Plato's Dialogues: Apology, Crito, Phaedo, 
Republic. 

The Meditations of Marcus Aurelis. 
19 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

Seventh Ten 

Homer's "Iliad" and "Odyssey" (Bryant), 
four vols. 

Virgil ( Conington ) . 

Dante's "Divine Comedy" (Longfellow). 

Milton. 

Goethe's "Faust." 

Shakespeare. 

Tennyson. 

Eighth Ten 

Scott's "Ivanhoe." 

Maclaren's "Beside the Bonnie Brier Bush." 

Hugo's "Les Miserables." 

Sue's "The Wandering Jew." 

Goethe's "Wilhelm Meister." 

Hawthorne's "The Scarlet Letter." 

Dickens' "David Copperfield." 

Cervantes' "Don Quixote." 

Thackeray's "Vanity Fair." 

Eliot's "Adam Bede." 

Ninth Ten 

Strong's "Our Country." 
Rauschenbusch's "Christianity and the So- 
cial Crisis." 

20 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

Darwin's "Origin of Species." 
Humboldt's "Travels." 

Smith's "Wealth of Nations." 

Mill's "Logic" 

Bunyan's "Pilgrim's Progress." 

Augustine's "Confessions." 

Thomas a Kempis' "Imitation of Christ." 

Pascal's "Pensees. " 

Tenth Ten 

Dennis' "Christian Missions and Social 
Progress," three vols. 

Apostolic Fathers — Vol. I., "Ante-Xicene 
Fathers." 

Herodotus. 

Plutarch's "Lives," three vols. 

Franklin's "Autobiography." 

Fisher's "History of the Christian Church." 

Eleventh Ten 

Beecher's "Yale Lectures on Preaching." 
Storr's "The Divine Origin of Christianity." 
Whittier. 

Demosthenes' "On the Crown." 
Gibbon's "The Decline and Fall of the 
Roman Empire," six vols. 
21 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

Twelfth Ten 

Webster's ''Orations." 

Green's "Short History of England," four 
vols. 

*Bassett's "A Short History of the United 
States." 

*Hayes' "Sociology." 

*Fetter's "Modern Economic Problems," 
Vol. II. 

*Vinet's "Pastoral Theology." 

*Carlyle's "Past and Present." 

Thirteenth Ten 

The World's Great Sermons (Kleiser), 
ten vols. 

Fourteenth Ten 

Lyell's "Geology," two vols. 
James' "Psychology," two vols. 
Aristotle's "Nicomachean Ethics." 
Bacon's "Novum Organum." 
Macauley's "Essays," three vols. 
Carlyle's "Sartor Resartus." 

*Some may prefer, instead of these volumes, Wilson's 
"History of American People," Ave vols. 
22 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

Fifteenth Ten 

Paton's "The Story of John G. Paton." 
"The Story of Mackay of Uganda," by His 

Sister. 

Home's "The Romance of Preaching." 
Broadus' "Commentary on Matthew." 
Godet's "Commentary on the Gospel of 

John," two vols. ; "Commentary on Romans." 
Maclaren's "Expositions of Holy Scripture 

— The Volume on Hebrews." 

Ueberweg's "History of Philosophy," two 

vols. 



23 



Remarks 

by 

Harry D. Smith 



25 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 



THE PRAISE OF BOOKS 

THE praise of books is a rooted and flourish- 
ing fashion. One must observe it, for this, 
like all other fashions, is tyrannous, and to 
neglect it is to suffer in one's reputation as a 
person of culture. But tenderness of one's 
reputation is not the only, or the chief, reason 
for falling in with the general laudation of 
books. In fact, there are so many sound rea- 
sons besides this one that it were wearisome so 
much as to name them. But here are two or 
three that no reader of books can ever fail to 
set down, whenever he would recognize his debt 
to them. Without the toil of travel, and with 
a speed no railway train or airplane can at all 
match, they take him to whatever land he 
would visit. They impart to him thus a kind 
of omnipresence. He is here beside his evening 
fire, in his armchair, amidst his family, and at 
the same moment in whatever other place his 
fancy chooses he shall rest or wander. No 
27 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

less do they give him power to range the ages, 
resting here and there as he will. No bounda- 
ries fixed by any authority external to himself, 
but only his own weakness or prejudice, can 
stay his entrance anywhere. No matter though 
he choose to share the cell of Mirabeau or Paul, 
the study of Erasmus, the pulpit of Wesley, 
the garret of Johnson, the stage of Shakespeare, 
the garden of Plato, the imperial tent of Aure- 
lius, the deck of the Beagle, or the dais of 
Louis le Grand — all alike are open to him. 
Books are, in a word, passports and guides, 
with undeniable credit, at every frontier of 
earthly space or earthly time. 



28 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 



THE CHOICE OF BOOKS 

THE fallacy of the types" — such is the name 
given by one to the notion that there is a 
presumption that whatever is printed is meri- 
torious. And this notion exists in many minds 
otherwise normally sound. Of course one's 
experience of books, not to speak of literary 
ephemera, such as newspapers and periodicals, 
should long ago have cured one of this folly. 
For books, like their makers, are of varying 
character. Some are boring, trifling, silly and 
stupid, even idiotic. Some are sane, sensible, 
helpful. Some are pretentious, egotistic, bom- 
bastic. Some are as modest as violets. Some 
are grossly materialistic, besotted with things. 
Some are spiritlike. Some are subtly devilish 
and damning; others are as subtly angelic and 
saving. So one must choose one's books — and 
that with care, mind you ! The wrong book 
may lull you when you need to be lashed, put 
you in love with what you should hate, or set 
29 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

you afire with discontents that sear and blacken, 
instead of faiths that warm and beautify all 
the life. But how shall one choose? At first, 
only one quite rational course would seem to 
be open, and that is to have some competent 
friend guide one. But who is such a friend? 
I answer, a friend who has read much, who 
has a reputation for having read with dis- 
crimination, and the moral sanity of whose 
judgment is guaranteed by his own character. 



30 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 



A GREAT LIBRARY 

SHALL I surprise you if I say that every- 
body may have a great library? Well, I 
do say so. For the greatness of a library is 
not in the number and size, but in the quality 
of its volumes. Perhaps you will be cheered 
to know that there is the highest authority for 
saying that from one hundred to two hundred 
books contain all the most worthy ideas, mo- 
tives and literary forms by which the life of 
man has been enriched. The value of other 
books is mostly, if not merely, that of the 
commentary. Thus all the millions of volumes 
at Harvard, Yale, Oxford, Berlin, Paris and 
Petrograd, and in all other capitals of culture, 
are but footnotes to what any man in the 
world can buy with not to exceed five hundred 
dollars. And while, as illustration, detailed 
proof and application, these multitudes of 
volumes have a priceless value, it is good to 
know that one can understand rather well the 
31 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

books upon which they are founded without 
their help. In fact — and this is much to the 
credit of the average thoughtful mind of the 
race — those who care to think with any indus- 
try at all have an affinity for the greatest con- 
ceptions of the master thinkers of all the hu- 
man years. What then? Does it not follow 
that it is a shame to a preacher, at least, to 
be without a great library? 



32 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 



THE BIBLE AS THE SOURCE OF 
SERMONIC MATERIAL 

A NOTABLE writer on homiletics, himself 
a celebrated homilist, classifies the special 
materials of sermons as explanatory, argumen- 
tative, illustrative and applicatory. These, to- 
gether with the basic materials, the text, the 
subject, and the occasion, make up the whole 
of sermonic stuff as he conceives it, How much 
of it all does or should the Bible supply? Cer- 
tainly, of course, the text and the subject. 
What of the conclusion ? This, at least. If you 
will go to the heart of it, it will surprise you 
to discover how often it is almost, if not cpiite, 
a replica of some situation depicted in Scrip- 
ture. As to explanation, any at all observant 
churchgoer notes how often the preacher elab- 
orately and ambitiously grapples with some 
puzzle, or, worse, helplessly gropes at its feet, 
while there exists, upon the very surface of 
the Book he expounds, a triumphant solution. 
3 33 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

Likewise, such a churchgoer often beholds the 
preacher constructing with great pains a clumsy 
argument, while a concise and concrete one, 
precisely suited to his purpose, is ready to his 
hand in some Biblical passage. Of illustration, 
unused and unrecognized by preachers who 
pass for being rather good, the Bible is a Gol- 
conda. And who can properly appraise the 
number, the nicety, the passionate and crush- 
ing force of the applications of spiritual truth 
which the Bible records? What preachers need 
as much as anything, perhaps, is to make a 
litany of the Psalmist's cry: "Open thou mine 
eyes, that I may behold wondrous things out 
of thy law!" 



34 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 



DICTIONARIES 

THE Bible, life, the dictionary — these the 
preacher must, in some fair degree, know, 
if he is to measure up somewhat before his 
huge task. Not to know the dictionary is to 
be a slovenly speaker. It is to be much mis- 
understood, and the preacher, of all men who 
have anything to say to their fellows, is under 
bond to be understood. Besides, to be thus 
ignorant is to offend the taste of all the more 
cultured of one's hearers, and thus to discount 
both one's self and one's message with those 
who shape the opinion and judgment of the 
community. Again, habitually to mispronounce 
and misuse words signifies a carelessness on the 
part of the preacher which, in the estimation 
of not a few, amounts to a culpability which 
should exclude him from a pulpit. Nor is the 
mere pleasure of adequately knowing words to 
be despised. In fact, it is a great joy to 
glimpse, as one can with the aid of the dic- 
35 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

tionary, through each word one uses, hears or 
reads, some trait of mind or heart which marks 
a nation, an age, a school of thought, or, it may 
be, our total humanity. It need hardly be 
said that the practical profit which this kind of 
knowledge yields is equal to the joy which it 
inspires. 



36 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 



GREEK AND HEBREW 
LANGUAGES 

SHOULD the preacher have studied Greek 
and Hebrew? Yes, certainly. Why? Be- 
cause of several considerations. (1) There are 
niceties of meaning and vividly pictorial sug- 
gestions in the Scriptures in their original lan- 
guages which are not translatable. (2) The 
greatest commentaries constantly ground them- 
selves in these originals, and so can not be 
adequately understood by one unacquainted 
with them. (3) Not unimportant is the su- 
perior mastery of English which results from 
such study, since there are many English words 
derived from these languages. (4) Such study 
is a discipline of immense value in accuracy of 
detail. Is, then, the preacher to be a linguist? 
Not necessarily. He simply is to have the basis 
of an understanding of what the linguist tells 
him. This is so easily obtainable that it should 
seem to him discreditable not to have it. 
37 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 



LIVES OF PREACHERS AND 
THEIR SERMONS 

THE ignorance of many a good preacher of 
the lives and sermons of the greatest 
preachers is appalling. Are workers in other 
fields where only educated men are supposed 
to be employed as ignorant as the generality of 
preachers are of their great predecessors? This 
ignorance is the more striking in view of the 
fascinating character of the neglected knowl- 
edge. Silvester Home struck a true note in 
the title of his "Yale Lectures on Preaching." 
He called them, you remember, "The Romance 
of Preaching." No more utterly and thrillingly 
romantic story was ever told or dreamed of 
than is constituted by the unadorned recital of 
what preachers have said and done. Perhaps 
some student for the ministry, or some young 
preacher, may care for a list of a few of the 
preachers whose lives and sermons seem to me 
worthiest to be looked into. And so I subjoin 
38 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

these never-dying names : Origen, Athanasius, 
Chrysostom, Ambrose, Augustine, Patrick of 
Ireland, Peter the Hermit, Bernard of Clair- 
vaux, Francis of Assisi, Tauler, Thomas a 
Kempis, Wycliffe, Huss, Savonarola, Luther, 
Calvin, Xavier, Knox, Bossuet, Bourdaloue, 
Jeremy Taylor, Richard Baxter, Bunyan, Mas- 
sillon, Fenelon, Saurin, Zinzendorf, Wesley, 
Whitefield, Edwards, Schleiermacher, Kayper, 
Van Oosterzee, Vinet, Adolphe ]\lonod, Chal- 
mers, Christmas Evans, Alexander Campbell, 
Robertson of Brighton, John Henry Newman, 
Spurgeon, Joseph Parker, Henry Ward Beecher, 
Moody, Phillips Brooks, J. H. Jowett. 

I wish to add that on another day, with 
another purpose in view, I should make the list 
different ; also, that if any one shall be stirred 
up by this list to borrow or to make another 
list of mighty preachers of all Christian times, 
for the purpose of studying their words and 
deeds, I shall be quite pleased. 



39 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 



BIOGRAPHIES IN GENERAL 

IT is quite impossible to exaggerate the im- 
portance, to the preacher, of biography. The 
stories of men and women are of more interest 
to men and women than any other form of 
information. Therefore, the preacher, if he 
would be as interesting as possible, must know 
and tell such stories. Also a knowledge of 
biography will keep the preacher from the 
rocks of abstraction and generality, upon which 
he is apt to be broken and lost. But what 
biographies should he affect? Certainly he 
should not have an exclusive regard to such as 
are obviously and specifically religious in their 
features and suggestions. The message of 
Christ is for all souls. How, then, can he who 
knows only a single type of human spirit be 
a good bearer of it? Know well that religion 
is always a much wider thing than the thought 
of its professional interpreters, or the practice 
of its avowed supporters. Should not the 
40 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

preacher make strong effort to acquire the world 
view and the deep world sympathy which char- 
acterized Jesus, and which only the relatively 
few of his official ministers have reflected ? And 
can one come at this view and this sympathy 
more surely and quickly than by supplement- 
ing the study of the gospel with that of the 
lives of representative men and women in all 
departments of human interest ? The preacher 
should know lawyers and statesmen, physicians 
and philanthropists, poets and novelists, sculp- 
tors and architects, painters and musicians, 
natural scientists and inventors, philosophers 
and religionists, farmers and tradesmen, la- 
borers and explorers, kings and nobles, men 
and women of fashion, warriors and pacifica- 
tors, missionaries and martyrs, preachers and 
teachers — in a word, all workers of special note, 
and all idlers of special note as well. 



41 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 



POEMS AND NOVELS 

SHOULD the preacher read these? By all 
means. That is, of course, he should read 
the best of them. He must not waste his time 
with books, and, as a rule, when he reads any 
but the best he does this. The reasons the 
preacher has for reading works of the creative 
imagination are especially powerful. He is him- 
self a man of more than ordinary imagination, 
and, in his way — and a high way it is — an 
artist. Else he can not be what a preacher 
should be. "Watch the poet or the novelist. 
What is he doing? Well, he is taking this and 
that and the other familiar thing — so familiar 
sometimes that to ordinary thought they have 
gone stale, unfruitful — they are dead — and 
touching them into fresh and fruitful life. Is 
it not the function of the preacher to make age- 
old and familiar truths as fresh as dawn, and 
as fruitful as summer? Thus, then, there is 
between the preacher at his best and poets and 
42 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

novelists a deep affinity of spirit and work. 
Besides, is not much of the great Book poetry? 
Now, who can best understand and interpret 
poetry? Manifestly one who breathes some- 
thing of its own spirit. And do not the true 
narratives of the Bible wear all the grace and 
charm of literary form which have clothed the 
noblest fiction? And who can best translate 
into the spoken word these narratives if not 
he who, having a considerable gift of imagina- 
tion, schools it well by study of the greatest 
stories of all ages and races? To read with 
care the best poetry and the best novels is thus 
excellent preparation to expound many portions 
of Scripture. If it be said that, since the Bible 
contains mighty poems, and, in its true narra- 
tives, models for all tellers of stories, there is 
no reason for the preacher to read other poems 
and the great novels, it must be answered that 
these Biblical works can not be properly as- 
sessed except by comparison. Some one has 
truly said that "he who knows only one book 
does not rightly know it." In a word, great 
poems and novels well read do for the preacher 
at fewest these invaluable services: (1) They 
discipline his own creative faculty — that spirit 
43 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

of renewal without which the preacher can be 
no better than a dry-as-dust. (2) They make 
him more susceptible to the teachings and spirit 
of those extensive and vital portions of the 
Bible that are cast in the like literary molds. 
(3) They are frequently actual commentaries — 
sometimes the best obtainable — on both par- 
ticular passages and general truths of Scrip- 
ture, 



44 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 



PHILOSOPHICAL WORKS 

IT is the fashion in many quarters to neglect, 
and even to decry, books of philosophy. This 
is undoubtedly ill advised. AYhat is philosophy? 
It is simply the more or less sustained and 
consistent effort to explain the total of the 
things we know. The average man has what 
may be called a rough-and-ready philosophy ; 
i. e., a less sustained and perhaps less consistent 
explanation of what appears to him. Indeed, 
some account of the sum of things every man, 
though it may be without his being aware of 
the fact, gives to himself. Thus the germ of 
philosophy is in us all. We are, so to speak, 
naturally and incurably philosophical, though 
in most cases only of the most rudimentary 
sort. Yes, philosophy is full of vagaries and 
inconsistencies, and it seems not to have made 
the progress which other sciences have made. 
But is not life full of vagaries and inconsisten- 
cies, and seeming pauses and regressions? Is 
45 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

not religion the same? What then? Shall we 
neglect life? Shall we decry it? Shall we 
abandon religion? Note also that the preacher 
is by the nature of his function in some sense 
a philosopher. True, his philosophy is in its 
basic features furnished him by the Scriptures. 
But here, as elsewhere, knowledge of a highly 
fruitful sort is a result of comparison. How 
does the Biblical explanation of the universe in 
which we live look alongside those given by im- 
mortal extra-Biblical writings? Only by ask- 
ing this question can the merits of the Biblical 
solution of the world riddle be made to appear 
adequate. By a study of the history of philos- 
ophy, one is forearmed against many an ancient 
and long-discredited notion loudly and widely 
heralded as new. Not least important is the 
intellectual humility which must result to him 
who considers the best that the human mind 
has done to explain our world and ourselves. 
The Christian will hear with a new sense of its 
truth the statement of Paul : ' ' Seeing that in 
the wisdom of God the world through its wis- 
dom knew not God, it was God's good pleasure 
through the foolishness of the preaching to save 
them that believe." 

46 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 



WORKS OF SCIENCE 

BOOKS of science as here thought of are 
especially such as belong to the physical, 
biological and physiological departments of hu- 
man knowledge. The most outstanding and 
authoritative of these the preacher should read 
and understand. This for at least two capital 
reasons. First, that he may know upon what 
points, if any, the teachings of the gospel and 
those of science converge, and from what points, 
if any, they diverge. The second reason is that 
these sciences are rich in illustrations suitable 
to the purposes of the preacher. Of course, 
the preacher must not pretend to be a scientist. 
To do so is not only dishonest, but ridiculous. 
Moreover, it is perfectly gratuitous. No one 
expects or wishes him to be a specialist in any- 
thing but the religion of Christ. To him, not 
to be an authority in physics, for example, is 
not more a shame than not to be an authority 
in theology is a shame to the physicist. 
47 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 



WHEN A STUDENT FOR THE 

MINISTRY FIRST MEETS 

SCIENCE 

WHEN one comes to college, unless he 
comes for a holiday, he probably has 
visions of highways to knowledge and wisdom 
upon which he can go with confident tread. 
One comes believing that in classroom, lecture- 
room and library he will find results abso- 
lutely assured by methods of investigation 
which can not err. Perhaps he continues to 
cherish such visions and such a faith. Is not 
this a home of science, and is not science in- 
errant? So he puts the matter to himself, 
and it is not to be wondered at, much less is 
it to be censured, that he does so. He be- 
lieves, and much that he constantly hears 
doubtless justifies him in believing that science 
knows its way through the maze of the world, 
and that to follow it is to come at last to reality 
of every sort. Not that any teacher consciously 
48 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

says or does what would tend to cause you so 
to believe. But we all have a prejudice in 
favor of science. Its nicely precise foreign 
words and phrases, its deliberately measured 
advances into the fields of thought and knowl- 
edge, its rather constant tone of impartiality, 
its modern ostentatiously, laboriously and gen- 
erally inductive attitude toward all things, and 
its undoubtedly notable and brilliant practical 
achievements, are very imposing, especially to 
those to whom they are relatively new. More 
still, those of us who know somewhat of the 
heroic men of all former times, and of our own, 
who have "scorned delights and lived laborious 
days" and vigilant nights, and faced perils of 
all lands, seas and climates for love of scien- 
tific truth, feel in the presence of the results 
which are their monuments a respect akin to 
religion. So we all unite, consciously and other- 
wise, to carry forward, and to set ever higher 
in the gaze of our fellows, the ideal of science ; 
i. e., of a knowledge so accurately pursued and 
so precisely assessed that there is no oppor- 
tunity for error to be in it. 

Now, what I wish to say is this : The sciences 
and the philosophies that utilize their results 
4 49 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

are very human affairs; i. e., very fallible. 
There is no highway of scientific and philo- 
sophic procedure clear, firm and straight, lead- 
ing to certain knowledge. Of the questions that 
touch us most deeply, scientists and philoso- 
phers know practically nothing. They for the 
most part guess about these. Some of them 
assign reasons which are plausible why they 
guess as they do, rather than as other scientists 
and philosophers of equal or superior talents 
and training do. Mightiest thinkers contradict 
each other flatly. One of the greatest of them 
all brought his life and philosophy to its con- 
clusion, the noblest yet attained by mere human 
wisdom, with an "if." Thus it would appear 
that the best that can be done by human 
thought, outside mathematics and a very lim- 
ited field of other more or less technical mat- 
ters, is to toil undaunted up the long steps of 
learning to a summit which is a supposition. 

"Why, then, should I be overawed by science 
and philosophy when, as they sometimes do, 
they seem at least to contradict my faith as a 
Christian? "Why should I not rather say to 
them : ' ' Since you are not agreed among your- 
selves, since you have been so often mistaken, 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

since, above all, this new doctrine of yours is 
just the thought of a more or less thoughtful 
man, and since I myself am a more or less 
thoughtful man, I challenge you to show just 
cause why I should surrender at your word 
what I have found to be the most valuable asset, 
not only of my own life, but of the lives also 
of multiplied millions of others?" Or if, per- 
chance, the matter at issue is less than the 
capital one of whether or not I shall keep my 
faith in Jesus as the Christ, why should I not 
say to them : " I honor your toils, I revere your 
great names, I accept gratefully your prac- 
tically tested conclusions, and I await the 
practical verification of what else you would 
have me accept"? Would I not thus show not 
only ordinary practical wisdom, but also the 
ideally true spirit of science itself? 

Mind you, I do not rail at science or at 
philosophy. I do not even find fault with 
them, except that sometimes they pretend to 
know what they only assume — that with results 
which are fruits of the thinking of fallible men, 
they sometimes take on the air of infallible 
divinities. With these deductions made, I love 
and honor them. They do their best in the face 
51 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

of the riddle of the universe, and none should 
accuse them — certainly I do not — that being 
human they do not exhibit a divine unity and 
certainty in their findings. On the contrary, 
all Christians and all others should applaud, 
and delight to applaud, whatever indubitable 
things they have discovered or thought. To 
quarrel with the demonstrated is no part of 
religion rightly conceived. Least of all can it 
be a part of that religion whose greatest ex- 
ponent save One taught us to "prove all things 
and hold fast that which is good;" i. e., that 
which stands the test. To quarrel with the 
demonstrated is thus not only not Christian, 
but it is both folly and irreligion. 

This, then, is my purpose : I would have us 
cherish our intellectual self-respect in the pres- 
ence of human thinkers of whatever sort or 
grade. They are mostly only you and I plus 
a few years of special training. They grope, 
they find themselves mistaken, they dream, they 
make swift generalization — they are human. 
They are to be believed when they give sound 
reasons for their conclusions, or such evidences 
of accurate and faithful observation as certify 
facts. Otherwise, they are to be discounted. 
52 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 



A CONCLUDING PRACTICAL 

COUNSEL: A READING 

LESSON 

MOST of us preachers do not know how to 
read. Each of us does well, therefore, to 
confront himself with his Master 's question : 
' ' How readest thou ? ' ' He should do this often 
and urgently. 

Many of us, there is reason to believe, have 
just one way of reading, except as the nature 
of what is read compels deviation from it. To 
read thus is, of course, wrong. Here, then, is 
a first lesson in reading, which it is hoped we 
shall not utterly despise. 

Let us begin with noticing that, if we are 
to be as efficient as possible, we must have a 
knowledge of many and significant facts. Ac- 
cordingly we must read books and other writ- 
ings which supply such knowledge. The more 
basic facts of human observation and experi- 
ence, it need not be said, the preacher, through 
53 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

an accurate and retentive memory, should make 
instantly and constantly accessible to himself. 
Obviously, this is to say that he is to read of 
such facts with the close and sustained atten- 
tion which fixes them in mind in the more im- 
portant relations in which they seem likely to 
be of use. But not even the most industrious 
reader, though gifted with the best of memo- 
ries, can thus make ready to his hand all the 
facts he may require. What then? He should 
make reliable notes, compact also, and yet in- 
telligible, and dispose them so that they can be 
quickly found. To attend in this way and to 
make such notes would do much to cure us 
of a scant and inexact knowledge of great facts 
which it is perhaps not slanderous to call a 
shame to us. 

As to books of interpretation and inspira- 
tion, they are to be read not less attentively, 
perhaps with not less note-making, but with 
special activity of the reason, the imagination 
and the sympathy. Familiarity with the facts 
themselves should have put us quite at leisure 
to grapple with their meaning and worth. For, 
mark well, all the wrestling for the high prize 
of true understanding is not done by even the 
54 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

greatest books. The reader must use his own 
thews in the great match. Indeed, a chief 
use of books is to stir him up, discipline him, 
and then stir him up again to strive manfully 
for the golden secrets of life. 

And let me say a strong word for giving the 
greater attention to the greater books. Espe- 
cially let me urge that the most of the time 
and attention which we give to books belongs 
of right to the relatively few which live from 
age to age. This is simply to say that we ought 
to read these over and over, and much and 
deeply think of the truth they bear, thus mak- 
ing it part of the stuff of our souls. 



55 



PART TWO 
Other Book Lists 



57 



SPECIAL LISTS BY OTHER 

TEACHERS IN THE COLLEGE 

OF THE BIBLE OF PHILLIPS 

UNIVERSITY 

THE lists graciously furnished me by my 
fellow teachers, and here subjoined, are 
intended to serve at fewest these purposes : 
First, it is possible that some who use this 
handbook have acquired the most of the works 
I have suggested, and would like further coun- 
sels. Again, some urgent, definite needs not 
met by my own recommendations may call for 
such help as only additional and special bibli- 
ographies can give. But the most important 
purpose is by means of them to provide guidance, 
not only special, but authoritative, in relation 
to the problems of those young in the ministry. 
The wisdom of the guidance which the following 
lists afford is guaranteed by the Christian char- 
acter, ample scholarship and actual experience 
of the men who made them. h. d. s. 

59 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 



Suggestive List of First Books for the Young 
Minister 

List by I. N. McCash 

Roget, P. M. — Thesaurus. 

Phillips, T. W.— The Church of Christ. 

Cervantes — Don Quixote. 

Horton, Robert F. — Verbum Dei (Yale Lec- 
tures). 

Everest, H. W. — The Divine Demonstration. 

Storrs, Richard — Preaching without Notes. 

Paton, John G. — John G. Paton, Missionary to 
the New Hebrides. 

Milligan, Robert — Reason and Revelation. 

Sandburg, Carl — Abraham Lincoln. 

Maclaren, Ian — Beside the Bonnie Brier Bush. 

Ten Books on the Study of the New Testament 

List "by Frank H. Marshall 

Introduction and Criticism: 

Zahn, Theodor — Introduction to the New Tes- 
tament ( Conservative ) . 
60 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

Moffatt, James — Introduction to the Literature 
of the New Testament (Liberal). 

Gregory, C. R. — Canon and Text of the New 
Testament. 

Commentaries: 

Lange, J. P. — Matthew. 

Plummer, Alfred— Luke. 

Godet, F. — John. 

Sanday, W., and Headlam, A. C. — Romans. 

Robertson, A. T., and Plummer, Alfred — 1 

Corinthians. 
Plummer, Alfred — 2 Corinthians. 
Swete, H. B. — The Apocalypse of John. 

Ten Books in the Field of Theology and 

Apologetics 

List by C. C. Taylor 

Campbell, Alexander — Christian Baptism. 

Orr, James — The Christian View of God and 
the World. 

Milligan, Robert — Scheme of Redemption. 

Roop, H. U. — Christian Ethics. 

Price, Ira M. — Monuments and the Old Testa- 
ment. 

61 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

Tillett, W. F.— The Paths that Lead to God. 
Hamilton, Floyd E. — The Basis of Christian 

Faith. 
Farrar, F. W.— The Life of Christ. 
Bowne, Borden P. — Metaphysics. 
Bowne, Borden P. — Theory of Thought and 

Knowledge. 

Ten Books for Ministers in the Field of 
Religious Education 
List by W. E. Powell 

*Athearn, "Walter S. — Character Building in a 
Democracy. New York, Macmillan, 1924. 

Bower, William C. — Religious Education in the 
Modern Church. St. Louis, Bethany Press, 
1929. 

Carrier, Blanche — How Shall I Learn to Teach 
Religion? New York, Harper, 1930. 

Coe, George A. — What Is Christian Education? 
New York, Scribner's, 1929. 

Cope, Henry F. ■ — Organizing the Church 
School. New York, Doran, 1923. 

*Fiske, George W. — Purpose in Teaching Re- 
ligion. New York, Abingdon, 1927. 



*Especially suitable for the minister without training in 
religious education. 

62 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

Lotz, P. H., and Crawford, L. W., Editors — 
Studies in Religious Education. Nashville, 
Cokesbury, 1931. 

*Munro, Harry C. — The Pastor and Religious 
Education. New York, Abingdon, 1930. 

Vieth, Paul H. — Objectives in Religious Edu- 
cation. New York, Harper, 1930. 

*Weigle, Luther A. — The Training of Children 
in the Christian Family. Boston, Pilgrim 
Press, 1922. 

Ten Books on Philosophy for Preachers 

Named in the Suggested Order 

of Reading 

List by Ralph W. Nelson 

Durant, Will — The Story of Philosophy. (Now 
obtainable in Star Series of $1.00 books.) 

Patrick, G. T. W.— The World and Its Mean- 
ing. (This is an introduction to philosophy, 
and the same book is also published under 
that title.) 

Plato — Phaedo, Apology, Euthyphron, Crito. 
(Any edition, or in a small volume entitled 
"The Trial and Death of Socrates," trans- 
63 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

lated by F. J. Church, published by Mac- 
millan in the Golden Treasury Series.) 

Warbeke, John M. — The Searching Mind of 
Greece. Crofts, New York. 

Wright, Wm, K. — Student's Philosophy of Re- 
ligion. Macmillan. 

Fairbairn, A. M. — Philosophy of the Christian 
Religion. 

James, William — The Will to Believe. 

Macintosh, D. C. — The Reasonableness of Chris- 
tianity. Scribner's, New York and Dallas. 

Ames, E. S. — Religion. Holt, New York. 

Webb, C. C. J. — -Kant's Philosophy of Religion. 
Oxford University Press, New York. 

Ten Books for Old Testament Studies 

List by Ross J. Griffetb. 

Barton, Geo. A. — Archaeology and the Bible. 
American Sunday School Union, 1925. 

Raven, J. H. — Old Testament Introduction. 
Revell. 

Smith, W. Robertson — Lectures on the Religion 
of the Semites ; the Fundamental Institu- 
tions. With an introduction and additional 
notes by Stanley A. Cook, Macmillan, 1927. 
64 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

Smith, H. P. — Old Testament History. Scrib- 
ner's, 1923. 

Orr, James — Problems of the Old Testament 
Considered with Reference to Recent Criti- 
cism. Scribner's, 1905. 

Kittel, Rudolf (Ed.)— Biblia Hebraica. (Stech- 
art.) (Another edition of the Hebrew Bible 
may be substituted.) 

Gesenius, F. H. W. — Hebrew and Chaldee 
Lexicon to the Old Testament. (Issued in 
various editions.) 

Knudson, Albert C. — Religious Teachings of 
the Old Testament. Abingdon Press, 1918. 

Dinsmore, C. A. — The English Bible as Litera- 
ture. Houghton Mifflin, 1931. 

Moore, G. F. — History of Religions, Vol. I. 
Scribner's. 

A Suggested Ten-volume Bibliography on 
Church History 

List by Stephen J. England 

Walker, Williston — A History of the Christian 
Church (a general discussion of the sub- 
ject). Scribner's. 
5 65 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

Foakes-Jackson, F. J. — The History of the 
Christian Church to A. D. 461 (early pe- 
riod). Doran. 

Oman, Charles — The Dark Ages. Rivingtons. 

Emerton, Ephraim — Mediseval Europe. Ginn. 

Hulme, Edward M. — Renaissance and Reforma- 
tion. Century. 

Bacon, Leonard W. — American Church History 
(on the history of the church in America). 

Moore, W. T. — History of the Disciples of 
Christ. 

Adeney, Walter F. — Greek and Eastern Church- 
es. Scribner's. 

Brueck, Heinrich — History of the Catholic 
Church, two vols. Benziger Bros. 



66 



ADDENDA 



67 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 



ADDENDUM I. 

BOOKS BY TEACHERS IN THE COLLEGE 

OF THE BIBLE OF PHILLIPS 

UNIVERSITY 

IT will interest some of those into whose hands 
this booklet shall come, to know that four of 
the makers of the foregoing lists of works are 
themselves authors of books of consequence. 
Especially, I am sure, will such readers, as are 
former students of our College of the Bible, 
like to look over the following titles, appearing, 
as they do, after the names of men who are 
dear to them as chief counsellors in their prep- 
aration for the ministry of the Word. 

h. d. s. 

McCash, I. N., President of the University, Lec- 
turer on Pastoral Theology: 
"The Ten Plagues of Modern Egypt" (edi- 
tion exhausted). 
"Horizon of American Missions." Revell. 
69 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

Marshall, Frank H,, Dean of the College of the 
Bible, Professor of Biblical and Patris- 
tic Greek Language and Literature : 

"The Judaizing Faction at Corinth." Dru- 
gelin, Leipzig. 

"Religious Backgrounds of Early Christian- 
ity." Bethany Press, St. Louis. 
Taylor, C. C, Professor of Theology and Apolo- 
getics : 

"The Purpose of God." Standard Press, 
Cincinnati. 
Powell, ~W. E., Professor of Religious Educa- 
tion: 

"Vacation Church School Manual" (Inter- 
mediate, Third Series). Bethany Press, 
St. Louis. 

"The Growth of Christian Personality" (a 
textbook in the Standard Leadership 
Training Curriculum). Bethany Press, 
St. Louis. 



70 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 



ADDENDUM II. 
HOW TO CARE FOR BOOKS 

By Miss Mary Elizabeth Kitchen 

1. The Physical Care of Books 

A purchaser of books has little choice in the 
physical materials of the book. Books are ac- 
cepted new, fresh from the publisher, or second- 
hand in good condition. When a choice is 
offered, choose for service binding materials in 
this order : buckram, f abrikoid, cloth, leather 
and paper. 

Care of the physical book makes possible the 
purchase of additional volumes through the 
saving of bindery expenses. Health is pre- 
served through prevention of infection, which 
results from dirty books and moistened finger 
tips used in turning pages. Users of books, 
through refraining from marking, underlining, 
writing comments and notes on margins and 
fly leaves of library nj; borrowed books, create 
71 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

right attitudes toward public property and to- 
ward other readers. 

"Cares" are grouped under these headings: 
Preparation of books for use ; protection of 
books from enemies ; use of books by readers. 

Preparation of Books for Use. 

Careful preparation of a book for use 
lengthens its life. The first care of a new or 
second-hand book is opening the book. Follow 
carefully these simple directions. Place the 
book with its back on a table. Let the front 
cover down. Then the back cover. Then open 
a few leaves in front. Then a few at the back, 
alternating front and back, gently pressing 
down until the center is reached. Do this two 
or three times. Should you open the volume 
roughly or carelessly, you may break the back 
and cause the leaves to become loose. 

Never force the hack. If it does not readily 
yield, it is too tightly or strongly lined. It 
needs gentle treatment, much the same as a 
machine needs lubricating. 

Uncut pages are best cut with a bone folder, 
a paper cutter or knife. Never use a pencil or 
the finger. 

72 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

Collate the book next. Make certain that 
the book is complete or perfect. The collation 
steps are : Inspection of pages one by one ; 
check for completeness and proper placing of 
all maps and plates listed outside pagination ; 
examination of the cover for defects, bent or 
broken corners, or loose lining. 

Return an imperfect book to its factory or 
publisher in exchange for a perfect copy. Mend, 
recase or repair imperfect second-hand volumes. 

Books needing mending and repair should 
by all means be carefully wrapped and set 
aside for experienced hands, or until the owner 
can gain knowledge of paper, cloth, paste and 
glue sufficient to insure an extended life rather 
than further damage to the repaired volumes. 

Certain book records are essential, whether 
the collection be small or large, whether it be 
private, public, college or university. Lyden- 
berg says in this respect : ' ' The less marking, 
the less danger of harming." Because this is 
true, only two essential records are mentioned 
for the book itself : ownership and business rec- 
ords. 

Ownership may be shown by means of a 
book plate on the inside of the front cover; 

73 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

the owner's signature on the inside of the 
front cover or on the front fly leaf ; the impres- 
sion of a rubber stamp, which is usually ugly 
and messy ; or of an embosser or a perforator. 

The business entry, placed on the leaf back 
of the title page next to the inside margin, 
gives the date the book was received, its source, 
the list price, and actual cost, thus : 

1 June 1931 Bowker, N. Y. $2.00. $1.60. 

29 Oct. 1925 I. N. McCash, Enid, Okla. 
$3.00. Gift. 

Exercise care in shelving books. Fill each 
shelf so that all books will stand upright, but 
so that there will be no friction when one is 
removed. Never shelve on face edges, or stand 
in unsteady piles. Place very large volumes 
flat on shelves or tables. 

Protection of Books from Enemies. 

Books have many enemies : air, rough han- 
dling, dirt and disease, and insects. Dry air 
and heat dry the glue or paste, make leather 
and paper brittle, warp the covers. Wet air, 
damp, dark quarters soften glue or paste, breed 
mold and mildew, weaken the fiber of paper and 
leather. Polluted, gas-laden air from laun- 

74 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

dries, smelters, power-house chimneys, does un- 
told damage to anything composed of paper, 
cloth and leather. Users of books can not 
always choose an ideal home or climate for 
their books. They can regulate the moist places 
with artificial heat. 

Eough handling, dropping, throwing, laying 
open face down, leaning on the open book, 
using a book as a portfolio for note paper, pen- 
cils, pens, combs and compacts, all tend to 
break the binding, loosen signatures and shorten 
the life of the volume. A little thought on the 
part of the book user reduces losses from this 
source. 

Dirt and disease go hand in hand. Dust 
and grease spoil the appearance of the book, 
and furnish ideal homes for disease germs. 
Make books clean by using a cloth sprinkled 
lightly with oil, or by the use of a vacuum 
cleaner properly designed and handled with 
care. Burn all books exposed to cases of small- 
pox or anthrax. Expose to forty-eight hours 
of sunlight, and place in storage for three 
months, books that have been in contact with 
scarlet fever, septic sore throat, diphtheria, 
spinal meningitis and typhoid fever. 
75 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

Bedbugs and cockroaches, bookworms and 
borers thrive on dampness, darkness and 
warmth. Roaches eat the filler of the book 
cloth. Bookworms and borers honeycomb the 
boards and paper. Rats and mice eat the paste 
and glue. Sunlight and well- ventilated rooms 
make attack from such vermin unknown. If 
the pests have secured a foothold, isolate in- 
fected volumes, expose them to formaldehyde 
in an air-proof chamber, or spray with a solu- 
tion of formaldehyde or corrosive sublimate. 
Be sure all eggs and larvse are destroyed. 

Use of Books by Readers. 

Books in use are abused by thoughtless and 
ignorant owners or borrowers. Common forms 
of abuse are found in turning pages, in mark- 
ing places, in making notes and underlining. 
Turn all leaves with the application of a dry 
forefinger to the outer upper corner of a leaf. 
Use narrow strips of paper or cloth, or a piece 
of string, for bookmarks rather than turning 
down corners of pages. Never make a mark 
in any book that will be used by another. Pri- 
vately owned books may be given carefully 
written notes or neatly marked passages, but 
76 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

in all marking of books remember the old say- 
ing: "Nothing too much." 

Books can render a greater service to their 
owners if these owners prepare a simple index 
to their collections of print. Such an index 
can be made by following the simple instruc- 
tions given for cataloging small libraries. It 
is best to make at least three cards for each 
book : an author card, a title card and a sub- 
ject card. Arrange all cards in one alphabet 
and file. 

"Books that Help," a subjoined group of 
suggestions, contains a very few of the many 
publications that have been prepared to aid 
owners of books in caring for their friends, 
"Books." 

2. Books that Help 

Akers, Susan G. — "Simple Library Catalog- 
ing," American Library Association, Chi- 
cago, 1929. 

Demco Library Supplies — "The Book Mender's 
Guide," Madison, Wis., 32pp., free. 

Frey, R. W., and Veitch, F. P. — "Preservation 
of Leather Book Bindings," Washington, 
Government Printing Office, 1930, 8 pp. ; 
77 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

U. S. Department of Agriculture, Leaflet 
No. 69, 5 cents. 

Gaylord Bros., Inc.— "The 'Toronto Method' 
of Book Repairing," Syracuse, N. Y., 20 pp., 
free. 

Haslam, W. — "The Library Handbook of Gen- 
uine Trade Secrets and Instructions for 
Cleaning, Repairing and Restoring Old 
Manuscripts, Engravings and Books, as 
Practiced by the Experts," London, W. & 
G. Foyle, Ltd., 1923, 51 pp. 

Huntting, H. R. Co. — "Book Mending: Some 
Short Cuts and Labor-saving Devices," 
Springfield, Mass., 10 pp. 

Lydenberg, Harry Miller and John Archer — 
"The Care and Repair of Books," R. R. 
Bowker, New York, c. 1931, 127 pp. 

Miller, Zane K. — "Better Methods and Mate- 
rials in Book Mending," Remington Rand, 
Inc., Chicago, Library Bureau Division, free. 

Rice, 0. S. — "Lessons on the Use of Books and 
Libraries," Rand McNally, Chicago, 1920. 

Ward, Gilbert — "Practical Use of Books and 
Libraries," an elementary manual, Faxon, 
Boston, c. 1916. 



78 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 



ADDENDUM III. 

SUGGESTIONS ABOUT ENLARGING THE 
BOOK LIST 

DEAN CHARLES D. HAHN, Mus.D., of 
Phillips University, long a devoted, cul- 
tured and capable leader in the church, espe- 
cially of the young, in response to a request of 
the author of this booklet, has indicated some 
kinds of books which he believes have special 
value for the preacher. He recommends early 
attention to the best modern books on appre- 
ciation of the beautiful in nature and art. His 
own gloriously and repeatedly reborn art, that 
of music, he should not be required to urge 
beginners in the ministry of the gospel to con- 
sider. God's religion and God's song rise and 
go on together. Dr. Hahn would have every 
young preacher also study with care and zest 
helpful books on correct English. Perhaps 
none of his suggestions is more timely and 
79 



A PREACHER'S FIRST BOOKS 

valuable, however, than are those he makes as to 
books on good manners. Such he properly con- 
ceives will treat of the speech, the care of the 
person, the dress, and the total conduct which 
a truly good society can approve and about 
which the preacher above all men should be 
deeply concerned. The scope of this booklet 
does not permit the naming of additional books. 
Specific counsel can be got of ministers of train- 
ing and maturity. 

These suggestions call attention again to two 
truths already intimated : That in some sense 
every reader must make his own book list, and 
that the reading of the preacher should be 
broadly cultural. Even the young preacher will 
need to read much besides the basic things of 
which this manual has mainly treated. He 
should venture frequently into fields outside 
those of his professional interest. He must keep 
abreast of the times, and so will read books that 
will help him to understand the thought of his 
own generation. But if he is wise, he will 
build his library with care, and, in doing this, 
will place early on his shelves such works as 
have been suggested for 

A Preacher's First Books. 

80